From Our Farm to Your Cup - Our Coffee Process
What is farm to cup coffee? Here at Hog Heaven Coffee farm, we have over 700 coffee trees which are individually pruned, fertilized and maintained by hand.
It takes approximately three years for a keiki (baby) tree to fully grow and start producing cherry. First come the flowering (small fragrant white flowers), then green beans, then red beans, called cherry, ‘cause they look like the cherry fruit (sort of) and are processed using the ‘wet mill.’
Wet mill is a machine that 1) pulps, (gets the outer skin out); 2) separates out the bad cherry; 3) removes mucilage (slimy film that surround the beans); and 4) washes the beans which are then put on racks to dry.
Then…once the beans are on the drying racks:
- As the beans begin to dry, they’re referred to as “Parchment.” Parchment is actually an outer layer of the bean similar to the “skin” on peanuts;
- Every day we agitate the beans by hand to achieve even drying;
- Our parchment is dried by sun and wind in our greenhouse until it reaches15-16% moisture content. (This is as low as we can go naturally, in an environment that gets 150-200 inches of rain per year); and
- The parchment is then dried further (ideally to12-13% moisture content) using our mechanical dryer, then double bagged in airtight “Grain Pro” bags which are then placed in burlap bags for storage, awaiting your order.
Whew! this is a long journey from tree to cherry to parchment. But there’s more! Once we receive an order, the parchment is removed with a dry mill resulting in the “green bean” that is then freshly roasted, packaged and mailed direct to you.
It’s a lot to read through so if you want to see how it’s done, go to our YouTube channel, Hog Heaven Coffee farm.